Navigating Corporate Bankruptcy in Florida: A Guide to Different Types

Businesses may face financial challenges that lead them to consider bankruptcy as a viable option. In Florida, as in the rest of the United States, corporations have several bankruptcy options available to address their financial difficulties.

This blog post aims to provide an overview of the types of corporate bankruptcies in Florida and the circumstances under which they may be appropriate.

Navigating Corporate Bankruptcy in Florida


Chapter 7 Bankruptcy: Liquidation


Chapter 7 bankruptcy involves the liquidation of a company’s assets to pay off its creditors. Here’s what you need to know about Chapter 7:


1. Liquidation Process: A court-appointed trustee takes control of the company’s assets and sells them to repay creditors.


2. Debt Discharge: Once the assets are liquidated, the remaining debts are typically discharged, freeing the company from further obligation.


3. Applicability: Chapter 7 is suitable for companies with significant debts and limited prospects for continued operation.


Chapter 11 Bankruptcy: Restructuring


Chapter 11 bankruptcy focuses on the restructuring of a business to enable it to continue operations while repaying creditors. Key aspects include:


1. Reorganization Plan: The company develops a reorganization plan, outlining how it will address existing debts and operate going forward.


2. Continued Operations: The business remains operational during the restructuring process, allowing it to generate income and meet ongoing obligations.


3. Creditor Approval: Creditors must approve the reorganization plan, and the court oversees the implementation of the approved plan.


4. Flexibility: Chapter 11 provides flexibility for businesses to negotiate with creditors and restructure in a way that best suits their circumstances.


Chapter 13 Bankruptcy: Reorganization for Small Businesses


While Chapter 13 is typically designed for individuals, small businesses that meet certain criteria can also file under this chapter. Key points include:


1. Debt Adjustment Plan: The business proposes a debt adjustment plan, detailing how it will repay creditors over a three to five-year period.


2. Limited Debt Amounts: To qualify for Chapter 13, the business must have unsecured debts less than $419,275 and secured debts less than $1,257,850 (as of 2023).


3. Individual Liability: Chapter 13 treats the business and its owners as individuals, and their personal assets may be used to fulfill the repayment plan.


Chapter 15 Bankruptcy: Cross-Border Cases


Chapter 15 is invoked when a business undergoing bankruptcy proceedings in another country requires assistance from a U.S. court. Key features include:


1. Foreign Main Proceeding: The bankruptcy case must be recognized as the “main proceeding” in the country where the business has its center of main interests.


2. Cooperation with Foreign Courts: Chapter 15 facilitates cooperation between U.S. courts and foreign courts to streamline cross-border bankruptcy cases.


3. Recognition of Foreign Representatives: Foreign representatives can seek recognition in the U.S. to protect the interests of foreign creditors.


Understanding the types of corporate bankruptcies available in Florida is crucial for businesses facing financial challenges. Whether it’s Chapter 7 for liquidation, Chapter 11 for restructuring, Chapter 13 for small businesses, or Chapter 15 for cross-border cases, the choice depends on the specific circumstances of the business. Seeking legal advice is recommended to navigate the complexities of corporate bankruptcy and make informed decisions for the future of the business.

Cueto Law Group P.L.